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Hormone Replacement Therapy-The Types

Hormone replacement therapy, also known as menopausal hormone therapy, hormone therapy or estrogen replacement therapy, uses female hormones estrogen and progesterone to treat common menopause and aging symptoms. Doctors prescribe the treatment during or after menopause.

After your periods have stopped, the level of your hormones decreases, causing uncomfortable symptoms like hot flashes and vaginal dryness, and sometimes conditions like osteoporosis. Hormone replacement therapy re[laces hormones your body no longer produces. It is the most effective treatment for menopause symptoms.

Why the Body Needs Estrogen
You might think of pregnancy when you think of oestrogen. Estrogen plays an important role or preparing the uterus to receive the fertilized egg in women of child-bearing age. Estrogen also has other roles, like controlling how your body uses calcium, which strengthens bones and raises the level of good cholesterol in the blood.

When is the Right Time to Tale Progesterone
For anyone that still has their uterus, taking estrogen in the absence of progesterone increases their risk for cancer of the endometrium. Since the cells from the uterus lining are not leaving your body during the menstruation any more, they may build up in your uterus and lead to cancer. Progesterone lowers this risk by thickening the lining.

Types of HRT
Estrogen Therapy: Doctors suggest a low dose of estrogen for women who have undergone hysterectomy. Estrogen is available in many forms; the daily pill and patch are the most common, but the hormone can still be found in the forms of vaginal ring, gel or spray.

Estrogen/Progesterone/Progestin Therapy
This mostly called the combination therapy as it combines doses of estrogen and progestin. This treatment method is meant for women who still have their uterus.

Women with a family history of osteoporosis as well as those experiencing mild to severe symptoms of menopause are all candidates for hormone replacement therapy.If however, you have breast cancer, liver or heart disease or don’t suffer from the menopausal symptoms; then you are not fit for the hormone replacement therapy.

Hormone Replacement Therapy Regimes
Depending on whether you are in the early stages of the menopause, or you have had the menopausal symptoms for a while, you have different HRT courses to choose. The common regimes are the Cyclical or Sequential and the Continuous HRT.

The sequential HRT is for women using the combined HRT who have the menopausal symptoms but are still having their periods. Cyclical HRT is of two types; the Monthly HRT for women with regular periods and the three-monthly HRT for irregular periods.

Continuous combined HRT is for women who are post-menopausal meaning that they haven’t had their period for a year. It is the continued use of estrogen and progesterone every day without a break.

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